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常用醫囑術語 Medical orders

 
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註冊時間: 2007-09-30
文章: 276

發表發表於: 星期六 四月 05, 2008 12:11 am    文章主題: 常用醫囑術語 Medical orders 引言回覆

Yy 寫到:
常用醫囑術語[Medical orders]
(1)醫囑術語[medical orders]
•Admit/transfer to[收入(轉入)]
•Resident/attending[住院(主診)醫師]
•condition[病情]
▲critical (Imminence)[病危]
▲unstable[不穩定]
▲stable[穩定]
▲general (fair) [一般]
•emergent[急診]
•Diagnosis[診斷]
•Diet[飲食]
▲full (home) diet[普食]
▲liquid (semi-liquid) diet[流汁(半流汁)飲食]
▲soft diet[軟食]
▲low salt and low fat diet[低鹽低脂飲食]
▲salt-free diet[無鹽飲食]
▲low purine diet[低嘌呤飲食]
▲low (non)-residue diet[少(無)渣飲食]
▲light diet [清淡飲食]
▲high caloric diet[高熱量飲食]
▲high protein (protein-rich) diet[高蛋白飲食]
▲diabetic diet[糖尿病飲食]
▲nephritic diet[腎炎飲食]
▲nasal feeding[鼻飼]
▲fasting (NPO, nothing by mouth)[禁食]
▲NPO for 5 hours[禁食5小時]
▲meal standard[伙食標準]
•activity[活動]
▲absolute rest[絕對臥床休息]
▲stay on the bed (yest in bed)[臥床休息]
▲Ad lib[隨意活動]
▲In the ward [病房內活動]
•vital signs[生命體征]
•Q shift (q.6h)[每班(每6小時)一次]
•immoblization[制動]
•pressed by sand bag [沙袋壓迫]
•I/O (intake and output)[記出入量]
•N/A (non-apply)[不需要]
•parameter: EKG(Bp,SaO2) monitor [其他:心電圖(血壓,氧飽和度)監
護]
•allergies[過敏]
•NKA (non-known allergies)[無已知的過敏反應]
•patient identification [病人身份]
•4th floor,room 5 ,bed 2(405-2)[4樓5號房2床]
•Med. Rec#[病歷號]
•medical orders[醫囑]
•on general routine[護理常規]
•on grade I (II, III) nuring care[I (I、III)級護理]
•morning (evening) care[晨間(夜間)護理]
•bedsore care[褥瘡護理]
•mouth (oral) care[口腔護理]
•CPT( chest physical treatment) [胸部物理治療]
•O2 inhalation (2-4L/min)[吸氧(2-4升/分)]
•alcohol sponge bath[酒精擦浴]
•cold (hot) compress[冷(熱)敷]
•wet (hydropathic) compress by MgSO4[用硫酸鎂濕敷]
•change position × qh[每小時更換一次體位]
•gastric lavage with water[用清水洗胃]
•bladder irrigation [膀胱沖洗]
•under water seal drainage of thorax[胸腔水封瓶引流]
•GI decompression [胃腸減壓]
•keep warm[保溫]
•lower temperature by ice-cap[冰帽降溫]
•keep bowels open[保持大便通暢]
•keep the airway open[保持氣道通暢]
•retention catheterization[留置導尿]
•prevent from bedsore[預防褥瘡]
•on bedside isolation[床邊隔離]
•P.P sitz bath[高錳酸鉀液坐浴]
•raising the head (foot) of the bed[抬高床頭(尾)]
•pencillin (procaine, iodine) skin test[青黴素(普魯卡因,碘)皮試]
•intubate and ventilator support[氣管插管及呼吸機支持]
•cleaning (retention) enama[清潔(保留)灌腸]
•soapsuds (saline) enama[肥皂水(鹽水)灌腸]
•intradermal injection[皮內注射]
•subcutaneous (hypodermic) injection [皮下注射]
•intramuscular injection( i.m)[肌肉注射]
•intravenous injection(i.v)[靜脈注射]
•intravenous drip(ivgtt)[靜脈滴入]
•intraarterial injection[動脈注射]
•intraarticular injection[關節內注射]
•intrapleural injection[胸腔內注射]
•intrathecal injection[鞘內注射]
•intraspinal injection[椎管內注射]
•per os(P.O,by mouth[口服]
•inhalation[吸入]
•inunction[塗擦]
•scarification[劃痕法]
•by rectum[直腸灌注]
•quaque die (qd)[一天1次]
•bis in die(bid)[一天2次]
•ter in die (tid)[一天3次]
•quater in die (qid)[一天4次]
•quaque hora (qh)[每小時1次]
•quaque quarta hora(q4h)[每4小時1次]
•quaque nocte (qn)[每晚1次]
•quaque mane (qm)[每晨1次]
•ante cibum(ac)[飯前(給藥)]
•post cibum (pc)[飯後(給藥)]
•hora somni (hs)[臨睡時]
•pro re nata (prn)[必要時]
•si opus sit (sos)[必要時只用1次]
•ante meridiem (am)[上午]
•post meridiem (pm)[下午]
•statim (st)[即刻]
(2)輔助檢查術語[diagnostic examination]
•CBC (complete blood count) [全血細胞計數]
•WBC (white blood ount)[白細胞數]
•RBC (red blood count) [紅細胞數]
•Ret (reticulocyte)[網織紅細胞數]
•HCT (hematocrit)[紅細胞比積]
•MCV (mean corpuscular volume) [紅細胞平均體積]
•MCH (mean corpuscular hemoglobin)[紅細胞平均血紅蛋白]
•EC (eosinophic count)[嗜酸粒細胞計數]
•Plt (platelet count)[血小板計數]
•UA (urine analyse)[小便常規]
•SRt (stool routine)[大便常規]
•stool OB [大便隱血]
•stool ova count[大便蟲卵計數]
•uric acid [尿酸]
•uric (serum) amylase [尿(血)澱粉酶]
•urine K+ (Na+)[尿鉀(鈉)測定]
•pregnance test[妊娠試驗]
•urine Bence-Jone protein [尿本-周氏蛋白]
•urinary protein electrophoresis[尿蛋白電冰]
•bacterial count of urine [尿菌落數]
•osmotic pressure assay[尿滲透壓測定]
•urine (blood, stool) culture [尿(血、大便)培養]
•bone marrow puncture [骨穿]
•iron staining of bone marrow smear [骨髓鐵染色]
•serum iron assay [血清鐵測定]
•Vit B12 and folic acid assay [維生素B12和葉酸測定]
•BT (bleeding time) [出血時間]
•CT (coagulation time) [凝血時間]
•PT (prothrombin time)[凝血酶原時間]
•ACT (activated coagulation time)[活化的凝血時間]
•KPTT(kaolin partial thromboplastin time)[部分凝血活酶時間]
•Fb (fibrinogen)[纖維蛋白原]
•FDP (fibrinogen degradation product)[纖維蛋白原降解產物]
•ABG (arterial blood gas)[血氣分析]
•renal function and liver function[肝腎功能]
•D-dimer fragments assay[D-二聚體測定]
•Hcy (homocysteine)[同型半胱氨酸]
•Cr and BuN (creatinine and blood urea nitrogen)[肌酐和尿素氮]
•blood lipid (TG, TC ,HDL, LDL)[血脂(甘油三酯,膽固醇,高密度脂蛋
白,低密度脂蛋白)]
•myocardial enzyme (CK, CK-MB, GOT, LDH)[心肌酶譜(肌酸磷酸激酶及
同功酶,穀草轉氨酶,乳酶脫氫酶)]
•Mb (myoglobin)[肌紅蛋白]
•CTn-I [肌鈣蛋白-I]
•thyroid function (T3,T4,TSH,FT3 FT4,TG,TM)[甲狀腺功能]
•VMA (urine vanillylmandelic acid)[尿香草基杏仁酸]
•LH, FSH, ACTH, GH[黃體生成素,卵泡刺激素,促腎上腺皮質激素,生
長激素]
•determination of calcitonin[降鈣素測定]
•17-KS and 17-OHCS[尿17-酮和17-羥測定]
•plasma cortisol assay [皮質醇]
•aldosterone assay[醛固酮]
•testosterone and estradiol[睾酮和雌二醇]
•FBS or blood glucose [空腹血糖或血糖]
•SaO2 monitor [血氧飽和度監測]
•CO2CP (carbon dioxide combining power)[二氧化碳結合力]
•Uric ketobody[尿酮體]
•serum electrolytes (K+,Na+,Ca2+,Cl-,Mg2+)[血電解質]
•AFP(alpha-fetoprotein) [癌胚抗原]
•β2-M(β2-microglobulin)[ β2微球蛋白]
•Ccr (endogenous creatinine clearance)[內生肌酐清除率]
•capillary resistance test [毛細血管脆性試驗]
•platelet adhesion and aggregation test[血小板粘附和凝集試驗]
•3P test (plasma protamine paracoagulation test)[血漿魚精蛋白副凝試驗]
•plasma viscosity [血漿粘度]
•whole-blood viscosity [全血粘度]
•CSF (cerebrospinal fluid)[腦脊液]
•semen (sputum, vaginal discharge) examination[精液(痰,陰道分泌物)檢
查]
•total protein[總蛋白]
•OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test)[口服糖耐量試驗]
•ASO (antistreptolysin O test)[抗“O”試驗]
•ANA (antinuclear antibody)[抗核抗體]
•anti-ENA antibody [抗可提取性核蛋白(ENA)抗體]
•anti-ds DNA[抗雙鏈DNA抗體]
•C3 (complement 3) [補體3]
•CRP (C-reactive protein) [C-反應蛋白]
•IC (immune complex)[免疫複合物]
•RF (rheumatoid factor)[類風濕因數]
•Widal`s reaction [肥達氏反應]
•MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration)[最低抑菌濃度]
•MBC (minimal bactericidal concentration)[最小殺菌濃度]
•acid-fast stain[抗酸染色]
•EKG [心電圖]
•bedside [床邊]
•chest (cervical) X-ray examination [胸部(頸部)X線檢查]
•P-A + lateral projection [正位+側位]
•echo (TTE, transthoracic echo)[經胸超聲心動圖]
•echo (TEE, transesophageal echo)[經食道超聲心動圖]
•Doppler echocardiography[多普勒超聲心動圖]
•fluoroscopy [透視]
•CT (computerized-tomography)[電腦斷層攝影]
•MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)[核磁共振成像]
•DSA (digital subtractive angiography)[數位減影血管造影術]
•contrast enhancement[對比增強]
•dacryocystography[淚囊造影]
•Caldwell`s position [柯氏位]
•Wayer`s position[瓦氏位]
•Angiography [血管造影術]
•coronary angiography [冠脈造影術]
•right ventricul ography [右心造影術]
•PTCA[經皮經腔冠脈成形術]
•RFCA[經導管射頻消融術]
•stent[支架]
•pacemaker implanted operation[起搏器植入術]
•Holter (dynamic ECG)[24小時動態心電圖]
•ABPM[24小時動態血壓監測]
•treadmill test [平板運動試驗]
•bicycle ergometer[踏車試驗]
•tilt test[傾斜試驗]
•phonocardiog raphy[心音圖]
•atropine test[阿托品試驗]
•TEAP (transesophageal atrial pacing)[食道調搏]
•EP study[電生理檢查]
•VCG (vectocardiogram)[心向量圖]
•EMG (electromyogram)[肌電圖]
•EEG (electroencephalogram)[腦電圖]
•barium enema[鋇灌腸]
•cholangiography[膽管造影術]
•intravenous (oral) cholecystography[靜脈(口服)膽囊造影]
•pancratocholangiography[胰膽管造影]
•selective heptatic arteriography[選擇性肝動脈造影]
•bronchography[支氣管造影]
•lung aspiration biopsy[肺針吸活檢]
•cystourethrography[膀胱尿道造影]
•IVU (intravenous urography)[靜脈尿道造影]
•retrogradepyelography[逆行腎盂造影]
•uterosalpingography[子宮輸卵管造影]
•CT-guided aspiration biopsy[CT 導向下穿刺活檢]
•cerebral angiography [腦血管造影]
•vertebral angiography[椎動脈造影]
•cisternography[腦室造影]
•arterio (veno) graphy[動(靜)脈造影]
•lung functional examination[肺功能檢查]
•gastroscopy[胃鏡檢查]
•endoscopy[內窺鏡檢查]
•sigmoidoscopy[乙狀結腸鏡查]
•colonoscopy[結腸鏡檢查]
•colonofiberscopy[纖維結腸鏡檢查]
•bronchoscopy[支氣管鏡檢查]
•ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography)[經內鏡逆行胰膽
管造影]
•catheterization[導尿術]
•thoracentesis[胸穿]
•abdominocentesis(abdominal puncture)[腹穿]
•pericardiocentesis[心包穿刺]
•liver (renal) biopsy[肝(腎)活檢]
•bone marrow puncture[骨穿]
•lumbar puncture[腰穿]
•lymah node puncture [淋巴結穿刺]
•joint cavity paracentesis [關節腔穿刺術]
•examination of prostate[前列腺檢查]
•massage of prostate[前列腺按摩]
•CVP measure [中心靜脈壓測定]
•peripheral venous pressure measure [外周靜脈壓測定]
•duodenal drainage[十二指腸引流]
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總司令
Site Admin
Site Admin


註冊時間: 2007-09-30
文章: 276

發表發表於: 星期六 四月 05, 2008 12:12 am    文章主題: 引言回覆

asa 寫到:
收到 感謝
順便做個小小訂正及提供我比較習慣的翻譯
•WBC (white blood count)[白細胞數][白血球計數]
•RBC (red blood count) [紅細胞數] [紅血球計數]

•Ret (reticulocyte)[網織紅細胞數] [網狀紅血球計數]

•EC (eosinophic count)[嗜酸粒細胞計數][嗜酸性球計數]
•urinary protein electrophoresis[尿蛋白電]
bone marrow puncture [骨穿][骨髓穿刺]
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檢視會員個人資料 發送私人訊息
enbrel
藥王
藥王


註冊時間: 2008-12-07
文章: 54

發表發表於: 星期六 一月 10, 2009 10:44 pm    文章主題: 引言回覆

感謝總司令提供~懂得一些術語對執業上幫助很大~
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